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Cambodian Women and Barriers to Social Participation

Cambodian Women and Barriers to Social Participation

"Women hold more than half of the sky" — (Chinese Saying)
But why women are the ones who suffer the greatest discriminations and pains?
Women account for more than fifty percent of the overall Cambodian population; furthermore, all work related to society, culture, politics, economics, humanity, etc., won’t attain great achievement, unless women are allowed to take part. Since antiquity, Cambodia was a women-headed state (story of male/female hill, as a unique example), which means women held important roles in leadership in almost all fields. In contrast, why the number of women today, participated in society-related especially in the decision-making work, has ominously diminished, compared to men’s, in today’s Cambodia ?
Cultural Factor
In retrospect traditionally, Cambodian women were edified to bear in mind the quality of "Khmerness"; virtue, gentleness, unconditional gratitude to parents, seriousness, loyalty…etc. Due to all of these cultural constraints, Cambodian women had to follow them without knowing any original meanings. I am not criticizing these Cambodia ’s spirits that has, thousands of years, nicknamed Cambodia "The Golden territory," but I want our teachers/professors/students to explain and think deeper about these values; when "calmness is gold," and when "to venture expression for better tomorrow." Too many women are being negatively tolerant to their husbands’ violence, unsafe sex, physical exploitations, etc. These women don’t venture to liberate themselves from these exploitations, because they think they would destroy the well-beings, and fames of the families and themselves.
Questioned by Phnom Penh Post, "What are the pressing issues affecting women in Cambodia now" in June 7 – 20, 2002 , Her Excellency Mu Sochua, Minister for Women’s and Veteran’s Affairs answered, "Society has to change its mentality. A woman’s role is not just about raising children, being a good mother, the mother of the universe. The man’s role is also about being the father of the universe. For the woman it is about making safe choices for herself and not letting anyone else make those choices. Does she have a chance to say: ‘No, that is not the man I want to marry’ or ‘I want to stay in school’? If those choices are open to men they should also be open to women. It is the only way for long-term development in Cambodia . Look at garment factory workers, the majority of whom are women. They don’t have choices and in the next five years if they stay in the same position without anyone to help them increase their capacity, education and skills they will be kicked out and replaced and left on their own." Such a social mentality may probably the most appropriate answer to "why women almost always lag behind men in social participation?"
Girls are thought as more grateful, caring to parents than boys, so it is boy’s absolute opportunity to pursue education, if the schools are too far away from home or if the family can support only one child’s education.
Stereotype of Cambodian Literature
In teaching Cambodian literature, most stories narrate about main male characters as the brave, intelligent, creative, loyal men, and female main characters are usually excellent housewives. This is one of the elements that have extremely discouraged the Cambodian women, and step by step have inserted into Cambodian women’s mentality. Story is one of the most effective means to psychological education for Cambodian people, so turning Cambodian stories into better gender balance would dramatically contribute to gender equity.
Besides this, in the past Cambodia, most or all of education centers were located in the pagodas, and most of the students were male, so female students were strongly discouraged by the majority of the male students.
What Can Be Done?
As stated previously, gender inequality has been in children’s mind since they are at the very young age. So girls must be given equal treatment and opportunities from the very beginning, as stated by World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children.
Gender discrimination was instigated in the family, so there should be programs to explain the parents or heads of the families the values of education to girls, what would affect the girls’ future, and the nation as the whole.
Turning the drafted law related to women’s protection into reality. As Mu Sochua stated, "saying ‘yes I understand I have rights’ is not enough." She continued: "But how are women going to use them when they have fewer choices than boys and less chance to stay through school all the way to tertiary level?"
Families and government should try their utmost to alleviate discrimination in the field of education such as:
schools, specially programs and training programs open only to boys and men; higher paid, higher status teaching positions open only to male educators; testing methods biased in favor of boys (e.g,. questions that reflect the interest and vocabulary of most boys). And remove discrimination against women in all two levels:
At work and in the community At work where they are exploited more than men and given unskilled jobs or lower wages than men. Imagine if you were a woman, living in Cambodia : What would be your most pressing difficulties, and what would be your highest desires? How would you handle those hardships?

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Are you having trouble building muscle?

Are you having trouble building muscle?

Have you been going to the gym regularly for months and haven’t been able to put on any serious poundage? If you answered yes to any of these questions, it’s time to take a step back and make some plans. Building muscle is not rocket science. There are four key factors that will mean the difference between building muscle and staying skinny. You have to ask yourself these four questions.

Is my diet optimized for building muscle?

It’s time to get out of the “3 meals per day” mentality. If you want to gain (or lose) weight you need to feed your body whole foods, six times per day. This means splitting your large meals up and eating about once every three hours. Not only is this good for your metabolism, but your body will use the foods instead of storing them as fat.

Your six meals per day should consist of mainly complex carbohydrates and protein. You should aim for at least thirty grams of protein per meal. High protein foods include lean meat, chicken, fish, egg whites, cheese and milk products. Complex carbohydrates are found in brown rice, brown bread and potatoes. Stay away from foods high in salt and sugar

Should I be using supplements, and when should I be taking them?

If you can afford supplements you should be using them. The basic three you should be considering are protein, carbs and creatine. Whey protein supplements are the fastest known way to deliver quality protein to your muscles. This makes shakes particularly effective after your workouts, when your body is craving protein for muscle re-growth.

There are three key times that supplements should be taken. First thing in the morning, after your workout and before bed. If your diet is up to scratch you shouldn’t need supplements at any other time. Don’t use supplements to replace meals. Supplements are supplements, not meal replacements.

Am I training hard and not smart?

The biggest mistake the new lifters make is thinking that the more they workout the bigger they’ll get. This couldn’t be further from the truth! Two basic rules you must remember when it comes to weight training. First, quality is better than quantity. Second, compound exercises are the kings of building muscle.

Compound exercises require at least two joint movements. Big compound exercises are the squat, bench press, wide grip pull up and seated row. These movements recruit many more muscles fibers to use to move the weight. This means more muscle groups are worked, the exercise is more challenging and the potential for growth is much greater.

Generally you should be doing three compound exercises for one isolation exercise. For example your back/biceps workout might consist of wide grip pull ups, seated row, bent over row and standing bicep curl. You might think this is not enough work for your biceps? Wrong. Your biceps are worked heavily in all over these exercises; the bicep curl just finishes them off.

The length of any training session should not exceed one hour. And you only need to train one muscle group once per week. This means a split routine should only need to be three days per week. In fact, most professional bodybuilders only train four times per week. Remember, it’s quality not quantity.

Do I get enough rest and recovery time?

When you workout you’re not building your muscles, you’re breaking them down. The reason why you looked “pumped up” when you’re in the gym is because your muscle tissue is swollen and damaged. Your muscles actually grow when you are resting. So in simple terms, no rest equals no muscle growth.

So take it easy when you’re not working out. Ease up on the cardio. And make sure you get plenty of sleep. Sleep is the body’s number one time for building muscle. This is also why it’s important to eat before bed, so your body has the fuel to repair muscle in your sleep.

Simple isn’t it?

So you can see that despite what you read in magazines or on the web about building muscle, it’s surprisingly simple. If you get the four aspects I have mentioned in this article right, you will build muscle. If you’ve got any questions, I’m available on the forum on my site. See links in my bio.

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Power Yoga – Powering it up

Power Yoga – Powering it up

We may not be familiar with power yoga as it is not fully introduced to us. Power yoga is known as the western version of Ashtanga Yoga which brought by the Indians.

Beryl Bender Birch was the one who gave the term Power Yoga. He was a teacher of Ashtanga Yoga and at the same time an author of Power Yoga.

Yoga was inspired and was brought to the west by the renowned Sanskrit Scholar Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. The people of the west were inspired with his Ashtanga Yoga and also his philosophies.

Power Yoga is described to be the the practice of Yoga Poses which is done continuously in a series of exercises without stopping. The practice is accompanied by the Vinsaya which is known as riding the breath. This enables you to make certain movements from one pose to another.

The power yoga is characterized by vigorous exercises which challenges your physical and mental ability and concentration. This enables you to reach your inner power and connect with it.

The difference of power yoga is that the poses are done faster in a pace. This practice is essential and helpful in increasing your physical endurance.

Power yoga enables you to maintain and keep up a good focus at a longer time without breaking or distracting your concentration. if you need to fully concentrate with something, power yoga might just be the right type for you.

Power yoga has some similarities with the modified versions of Ashtanga Yoga. The certain practices of Iyengar yoga and Bikram also influenced power yoga.

Just like Bikram Yoga, notice that Power Yoga also applies the execution of the common basic yoga poses which is a good practice because even the beginners can do it.

Power yoga also adapted some practices of the Iyengar Yoga which gives emphasis on the form and alignment during the practice. It also includes practice in holding a pose longer without breaking which aims to achieve maximum benefits.

Although Power Yoga has been influenced by a lot of yoga types, still it aims on the steps of Classical Yoga. It aims to unite the body, the spirit and the mind uniquely. The main objective of yoga is for you to be able to connect to your inner power and to reach every level through the poses and practices.

With the help of power Yoga, you can dig deep to your physical, mental and spiritual power.

Power yoga is considered a good training for athletes. Not only does it train them to concentrate deeply but it also aids them in the prevention of injuries and rehabilitation that may come.

If you want to do Power Yoga, you should know first if your health condition can withstand the practice. You should know that Power Yoga is dine in a heated room which is perfectly designed to increase the strength and flexibility, increase your concentration, release tension, stamina and tone in your body which is achieved and released through sweat.

Power yoga can be taught by teachers but there might be some differences depending upon who is teaching it. The people who are healthy and fit can do and practice power yoga. If you enjoy doing exercises and if you want less chanting, power yoga is the best style for you.

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Male Hair Loss

Male Hair Loss

Male hair loss affects 1 in 3 males by the age of 50. While there is currently no cure for hair loss, there are many hair loss products on the market purporting to remedy male hair loss and thinning hair. Not all potential hair loss products are created equal. Some hair loss products are designed to only cover up the signs of hair loss, such as wigs, toupees, and hair dyes. Other hair loss treatments lack scientific background for their claims to treat hair loss. Because hair loss is an emotional event for most men, much time and money is spent searching for a hair loss solution in the form of hair loss medications, cover-ups, and transplants.

Male Hair Loss Treatment: Prescription Hair Loss Medication

Male hair loss is generally regarded as natural, and not a disease. Nevertheless, many men choose to pursue the use of prescription medications as a hair loss treatment. The most popular of these prescription hair loss medications is Propecia. Propecia is the brand name of finasteride, a chemical that partially blocks the effects of male hormones that are thought to contribute to male hair loss.

While Propecia has shown some effectiveness as a hair loss treatment, it is not a natural solution to male hair loss. It requires a physician’s visit for a prescription, and has sexual side effects in some users. Its effects wear off immediately upon discontinuing use, resulting in further hair loss. A one month supply of Propecia costs approximately $70-$100, making it one of the more expensive hair loss treatments on the market.

By contrast, Procerin for male hair loss is available without a prescription. It is a natural hair loss product, with no dangerous chemicals or side effects. Procerin is a safe alternative to prescription hair loss treatments. Procerin is the only all-natural hair loss solution backed by our 90-Day Guarantee.

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Chair Yoga Certification

Chair Yoga Certification

Chair yoga has increasingly become popular among people who can’t really practice the complicated body postures of traditional yoga. These people include those with physical disabilities and senior citizens, who have become interested in doing yoga but want it the milder way. Chair yoga is actually not a formal type of yoga, but is a gentler form of yoga which is done through sitting in a chair or the use of a chair as support while standing and doing a series of less complicated yoga poses.

Chair yoga classes can often be found in senior care centers, disabled rehabilitation centers, and some hospitals; it is also frequently recommended by some health professionals as a helpful tool for physical therapy. Chair yoga gives countless benefits such as oxygenating the mind and body for greater productivity, as well as toning the muscles. However, not just anybody can teach chair yoga, one has to be a certified chair yoga instructor as it involves the essential know-how of dealing with people having health conditions and being aware of the appropriate chair yoga for them.

One such training for chair yoga certification is offered by Lakshmi Voelker, who specializes in certifying individuals with her chair yoga programs called The Sitting Mountain Series. This chair yoga certification programs are of particular interest to some healthcare professionals including occupational therapists, physical therapists, clinical social workers, and registered nurses, as continuing education credit.

It has also been found advantageous for those people working with children, seniors, those people in wheelchairs, or anybody with physical difficulties that stop them from getting down on the floor. Lakshmi’s chair yoga certification program works with senior housing facilities, MS, Departments of Education, as well as other like organizations.

Another center who offers chair yoga certification is the Kripalu Center for Yoga and Health; the five-day chair yoga certification program is perfect for yoga practitioners, yoga teachers, healthcare providers, and others who work with people with disabilities and seniors. Participants of the program learn to adapt classical yoga poses to the chair, and enables would-be certified chair yoga teachers to teach one-hour chair yoga class with comprehensive information and confidence to their varied audience.

Chair yoga certification is essential for those people, who want to teach chair yoga with complete knowledge and awareness to provide better and more effective delivery of the real benefits of chair yoga to their students, as well as become among the qualified chair yoga instructors that people recognize and respect because of their expertise.

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Getting the Most Out of Your Home Fitness Equipment

Getting the Most Out of Your Home Fitness Equipment

Getting the Most Use out of Your Home Fitness Equipment
Many of us make New Years resolutions to get in shape, lose weight, and exercise more. This usually means either a trip to sign up at a local gym, or buying a piece of home fitness equipment. Buying fitness equipment for your home can often be a better choice, especially if your local gym is out of the way from your home and work.
Many people sign up with full intentions of going but find that it is too much of an inconvenience. However, many people also buy expensive equipment only to end up using it to hang their laundry on (sound familiar?). Read on to learn how to make the most of your home fitness equipment.
If you have a spare room, consider making it into a home gym. Keeping all your gym equipment in one place makes it easy to find and feel more like a real gym. You should also try and remove other clutter from your home gym. Make sure you have some upbeat music on hand and perhaps even a TV. You’ll be surprised how quickly a workout can go by when you’re watching your favorite shows.
Equipment Must-Haves
If you don’t currently have any home fitness equipment but are ready to start building your home gym, you may be confused as to which equipment is best.
Start off with one piece of cardio equipment. To get the most bang for your buck, look into an elliptical trainer. These simulate running, but are virtually no-impact. Look for one that allows you to move your arms as well since this means burning more calories.
Treadmills are also a great choice, but keep in mind that they are much harder on your joints. A stationary bike is also a popular piece of gym equipment, but you won’t get as much benefit from your workouts.
A universal gym is a great addition to your home gym as well. These combine several types of weight machines into one. A great choice if you don’t have a lot of space. You may also want to get a stability ball, resistance band, and other hand weights. This should make for a perfect home gym, which you and your family can use and enjoy for many years.

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Shopping for Magazines Online

Shopping for Magazines Online

When purchasing subscriptions online expect to save a significant percentage off the cover price, but expect to the price offered to be the exact same on all the major sites. Pricing on magazine subscriptions have a fixed minimum price and the vast majority of legitimate retailers will charge exactly that minimum price. Choose the website to purchase from based on features such as additional features (such as available gift cards and renewal reminders) and based on which site you are confident you can trust. Be aware that some sites will automatically charge you for a renewal if they don’t hear from you when it’s time for renewal. If that’s not what you’d like, read the companies policies clearly.

<B>Processing Time</b>
Most publishers use mail processing centers which print address labels for several issues at a time. Labels for new orders are generally not printed until the next run of labels. Additionally, most magazines are printed well in advance of shipping, and each printing is pre-allocated only to the amount of subscribers at the actual time of printing. As a result, the magazine industry has a standard "lead time" for subscriptions of 4 to 8 weeks for weekly magazines and 8 to 12 weeks for monthly magazines and quarterly subscriptions although these times do vary by different publication.
If you haven’t received the first issue of your subscription within the expected period times, you can often check the magazine’s web site for your order status.
<B>Ordering for the holidays</B>
Magazines are a popular late holiday gift because the receiver doesn’t expect an issue in-hand at gift giving time. Many magazine websites send a card with gift subscriptions, so there is something to fill the stocking.

The most popular magazine gift ideas for men are men’s magazines and fitness magazines. For women, vacation magazines are the most popular gift and for children, puzzles and animal related magazines top the gift list.

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What You Should Know Before Taking Supplements

What You Should Know Before Taking Supplements

These days there is plenty of controversy and debate over whether it is beneficial to take various supplements. There are many kinds of supplements out there all with different intentions. There are food or meal supplements, weight loss supplements, strength enhancing supplements, and performance enhancing supplements, just to name a few.

While I do believe that certain supplements can provide some benefits for weight loss and increased fitness, taking the wrong ones or taking too high a dose can create some unwanted serious side effects. If you are either currently taking any supplements or are considering taking any then follow these tips to ensure they will not do you more harm than good.

For starters, get a physical checkup from your doctor. Talk to the doctor about what supplements you are taking or are looking to take and explain what you want to take them for whether it is for weight loss or to increase your strength for fitness. Your doctor can make sure that you have no conditions that would be adversely affected by them and may also have other recommendations as well.

Do your homework and learn as much as you can about the supplements you want to take. Many weight loss supplements for instance are only a meal replacement with a very high cost. You can start by using the internet to do searches on them. Here you can get plenty of information on them. You can also ask the local pharmacist, a qualified fitness trainer, or a qualified nutritionist about them for an even more in depth look at them.

Stay away from supplements that do not list all the ingredients or are a new, unusual, or unknown type. Stick with supplements that have a good brand name, use pharmaceutical grade ingredients, and make no lofty claims as to what their supplements will do for you like rapid weight loss for example.

When you do find a suitable supplement to take, never exceed the recommended dosage for any reason. No matter how good a supplement is, more is definitely not better. There is a very good reason why the manufacturer listed the dosage they did. Increasing that dosage with the belief that it will increase the effects of the supplement is the main reason people get sick or injured from using them.

If at any time you develop any side effects from the supplements you are taking, stop taking them immediately! The weight loss, strength, or general fitness boost you are trying to get from them is not worth compromising your health for. You may even want to consult with your doctor in case treatment is needed to ensure against further incident from the effects you may be having.

Many people take many different supplements every day for various reasons and some people do report positive results from them. There are supplements out there that are beneficial to take to help you with your weight loss and fitness goals, but just remember that there are a lot of bad ones too. If you are considering taking any supplements, follow these guidelines and more important, follow good common sense.

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Facts to Know Before Going for Weight Loss Surgery

Facts to Know Before Going for Weight Loss Surgery

Have you ever wondered what exactly is up with weight loss surgery? This informative article can give you an insight into everything you’ve ever wanted to know about weight loss surgery.

For some people, it can be a difficult decision for choosing whether or not to undergo weight loss surgery. Weight loss surgery is life changing and requires a solid commitment from the patient to follow a diet and exercise plan. You should make sure you clearly understand the pros and cons connected with weight loss surgery procedure before making any decision.
What to Expect?

First and foremost, it is essential that you have a clear idea of what your expectations are from the weight loss surgery and whether the results of that actual surgical procedure will be able to meet those expectations.

Also, weight loss surgery patients are advised not to expect the weight loss surgery to be their answer to all their problems and that they will need to maintain their health and figures into the future by following proper healthy eating and exercise plans.

These weight loss surgery types are gaining more acceptances today as newer technology makes the weight loss surgeries more efficient and safer. There are probably many questions you have. Here are some common questions regarding weight loss surgery if you are considering weight loss surgery.
How Much Weight Can I Lose?

The amount of weight you will lose following weight loss surgery will depend on several factors. First, the weight loss surgery type you have can affect the outcome. The Lap-Band procedure, while safer, has slower weight loss than other forms.

Also, your exercise routine and the foods you eat will also affect your weight loss outcome. It is essential to follow the diet plan given to you and to exercise everyday for the maximum weight loss. Most patients can expect to lose about 36 percent of their excess body weight within the first year.
Are There any Qualifications For Having Weight Loss Surgery?

Even this depends on several factors. Usually, a candidate for weight loss surgery must weight 100 pounds or more over their ideal body weight. Another factor is the body mass index.

Women who are 80 pounds overweight or more and have a body mass index of 40+ and men who are overweight by 100 pounds or more and have a Body Mass Index of about 40+ are considered severely obese and may be candidates for weight loss surgery.

Those who have a BMI between 35 and 40 and suffer from obesity connected problems such as sleep apnea, obesity related heart disease, or diabetes may be considered for the weight loss surgery.
How Safe Is Weight Loss Surgery?

For the most part, weight loss surgery is safe. As with any surgical procedure there are risks involved and these should be carefully considered before having the procedure.

Also, there are some weight loss surgery types that are safer than others. Surgeries that are performed laparoscopically are generally safer and easier to recover from than open procedures.

Additionally, there may be some medical conditions that will prevent a good outcome for some patients. It is significant to discuss these issues with your health care provider before having surgery.
Can I Participate In Activities Following Surgery?

Yes, after you are completely healed, it generally takes four to six weeks. Healing time can depend on the type of surgery that is performed. You can resume your normal activities after that time. In reality, exercise is encouraged and will aid in more rapid weight loss.
What Can I Eat After Weight Loss Surgery?

You will be limited to liquids and pureed foods for the first five weeks after surgery. Gradually, you can begin to add in other foods such as lean meats, fresh fruits and vegetables and low fat dairy products.

Most patients will only be able to eat a very small portion so it is significant to stop eating when you feel full and to eat several small meals during the day. Also, you should avoid sweet foods and foods that are fibrous, greasy, doughy or sticky. This can lead to obstacle of the stomach and intestines.

Although Weight Loss Surgery can be a life saving procedure for some people, for others it is seen primarily as a cosmetic procedure. That said, however, it does have its advantages. Primarily, the main advantage of weight loss surgery is weight reduction with many of its patients being pleased with the amount of weight they have lost.

That said, whenever anyone is considering undertaking weight loss surgery it is significant that they discuss this fully with their doctor and seek out the best medical advice to date.

Take time to consider the points about weight loss surgery presented above. What you learn may help you overcome your hesitation to take action.

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What Are The Benefits To Exercise

What Are The Benefits To Exercise

We have long heard that there are benefits to exercise and that we should include it in our daily life, but what are those benefits exactly. There are some amazing health benefits that you will receive from including exercise in your life every day.

The first benefits to exercise that you will discover are the wonderful affect that it will have on your heart and lungs. Exercise will bring more oxygen to every cell in your body and improve the condition of your lungs and heart. The heart will be able to work more efficiently and effectively which will improve the circulation in your whole body. When you increase the strength of your heart and lungs, you will avoid chronic illnesses like stroke, heart attack and breathing problems like asthma.

Weight loss is the most common benefits to exercise. For most people, losing weight is the reason that they began their exercise program and weight loss can help you avoid many illnesses as well. When you include a healthy diet along with your exercise routine, you are heading toward a healthier body all over. Exercise will burn calories and when you are taking in fewer calories and burning more, you will lose weight.

One of the benefits to exercise that many people don’t realize is the improvement that it causes to your mood. Even people who hate to exercise will find that they are in a great mood for the rest of the day when they are finished. When you include exercise in your daily schedule, you will be in a much better mood all of the time. Not to mention the great boost to your confidence you will feel when you begin to lose weight.

Regular exercise in your daily schedule can also help you to sleep better. The body will become tired from the exercise and it will allow you to sleep better when it is time to lay down for the evening. You should make sure that you don’t do your exercise right before bed, though, or you will likely keep yourself awake. Plan to do your exercise about five hours at least before bedtime.

One of the greatest benefits to exercise is skin health. When you work out, you work up a sweat and this is wonderful for your skin and keeping it healthy and clean. Exercise is one of the most beneficial age related treatments that you can find and it doesn’t have to cost you anything. While many people are trying to find ways surgically to improve their appearance, exercise can do so much more with a natural approach.

There are so many benefits to exercise that will greatly improve your life. You will feel better and look great after just a few weeks of regular exercise. It is one of the greatest natural gifts that you can give to yourself. If you are feeling sluggish, tired and unhappy with your appearance, exercise is the best thing that you can do for your health.